module RubyVM::YJIT

This module allows for introspection of YJIT, CRuby’s just-in-time compiler. Everything in the module is highly implementation specific and the API might be less stable compared to the standard library.

This module may not exist if YJIT does not support the particular platform for which CRuby is built.

Public Class Methods

code_gc() click to toggle source

Discard existing compiled code to reclaim memory and allow for recompilations in the future.

# File ruby_3_3_2/yjit.rb, line 224
def self.code_gc
dump_exit_locations(filename) click to toggle source

Marshal dumps exit locations to the given filename.


If --yjit-exit-locations is passed, a file named “yjit_exit_locations.dump” will automatically be generated.

If you want to collect traces manually, call dump_exit_locations directly.

Note that calling this in a script will generate stats after the dump is created, so the stats data may include exits from the dump itself.

In a script call:

at_exit do

Then run the file with the following options:

ruby --yjit --yjit-trace-exits test.rb

Once the code is done running, use Stackprof to read the dump file. See Stackprof documentation for options.

# File ruby_3_3_2/yjit.rb, line 148
def self.dump_exit_locations(filename)
  unless trace_exit_locations_enabled?
    raise ArgumentError, "--yjit-trace-exits must be enabled to use dump_exit_locations."

  File.binwrite(filename, Marshal.dump(RubyVM::YJIT.exit_locations))
enable(stats: false) click to toggle source

Enable YJIT compilation. stats option decides whether to enable YJIT stats or not.

  • false: Disable stats.

  • true: Enable stats. Print stats at exit.

  • :quiet: Enable stats. Do not print stats at exit.

# File ruby_3_3_2/yjit.rb, line 36
def self.enable(stats: false)
  return false if enabled?
  at_exit { print_and_dump_stats } if stats
  Primitive.rb_yjit_enable(stats, stats != :quiet)
enabled?() click to toggle source

Check if YJIT is enabled.

# File ruby_3_3_2/yjit.rb, line 12
def self.enabled?
  Primitive.cexpr! 'RBOOL(rb_yjit_enabled_p)'
reset_stats!() click to toggle source

Discard statistics collected for --yjit-stats.

# File ruby_3_3_2/yjit.rb, line 27
def self.reset_stats!
runtime_stats(context: false) click to toggle source

Return a hash for statistics generated for the --yjit-stats command line option. Return nil when option is not passed or unavailable.

# File ruby_3_3_2/yjit.rb, line 158
def self.runtime_stats(context: false)
  stats = Primitive.rb_yjit_get_stats(context)
  return stats if stats.nil?

  stats[:object_shape_count] = Primitive.object_shape_count
  return stats unless Primitive.rb_yjit_stats_enabled_p

  side_exits = total_exit_count(stats)
  total_exits = side_exits + stats[:leave_interp_return]

  # Number of instructions that finish executing in YJIT.
  # See :count-placement: about the subtraction.
  retired_in_yjit = stats[:yjit_insns_count] - side_exits

  # Average length of instruction sequences executed by YJIT
  avg_len_in_yjit = total_exits > 0 ? retired_in_yjit.to_f / total_exits : 0

  # Proportion of instructions that retire in YJIT
  total_insns_count = retired_in_yjit + stats[:vm_insns_count]
  yjit_ratio_pct = 100.0 * retired_in_yjit.to_f / total_insns_count
  stats[:total_insns_count] = total_insns_count
  stats[:ratio_in_yjit] = yjit_ratio_pct

  # Make those stats available in RubyVM::YJIT.runtime_stats as well
  stats[:side_exit_count]  = side_exits
  stats[:total_exit_count] = total_exits
  stats[:avg_len_in_yjit]  = avg_len_in_yjit

stats_enabled?() click to toggle source

Check if --yjit-stats is used.

# File ruby_3_3_2/yjit.rb, line 17
def self.stats_enabled?
stats_string() click to toggle source

Format and print out counters as a String. This returns a non-empty content only when --yjit-stats is enabled.

# File ruby_3_3_2/yjit.rb, line 191
def self.stats_string
  # Lazily require StringIO to avoid breaking miniruby
  require 'stringio'
  strio =
  _print_stats(out: strio)

Private Class Methods

format_number(pad, number) click to toggle source

Format large numbers with comma separators for readability

# File ruby_3_3_2/yjit.rb, line 480
def format_number(pad, number)
  s = number.to_s
  i = s.index('.') || s.size
  s.insert(i -= 3, ',') while i > 3
  s.rjust(pad, ' ')
format_number_pct(pad, number, total) click to toggle source

Format a number along with a percentage over a total value

# File ruby_3_3_2/yjit.rb, line 488
def format_number_pct(pad, number, total)
  padded_count = format_number(pad, number)
  percentage = number.fdiv(total) * 100
  formatted_pct = "%4.1f%%" % percentage
  "#{padded_count} (#{formatted_pct})"
print_and_dump_stats() click to toggle source

Print stats and dump exit locations